Ancient standing stones, stone circles, and megaliths have long fascinated humans. Archaeologists and historians continue to disagree about the meaning and purpose of these sites all over the world. According to some theories, they were constructed as temples and ritual centres by ancient civilizations, while others contend they were astronomical observatories. Numerous have attracted people to marvel at and even climb them.
Others, however, are so noteworthy that they are loaded with political, religious, or even cultural significance. Check out some well-known rocks and stones that can be found all over the world.
Rosetta Stone, England
The Rosetta Stone was found by the French in Rashid (Rosetta), Egypt, in 1799, and was brought to London by the British in 1801. One of the most significant stones in archaeology is this granodiorite.
These well-known monolithic sculptures were carved on Easter Island, Chile, between 1250 and 1500 CE by the Rapa Nui people. On the island, 887 statues have been found. The tallest measures an incredible 33 feet (10 m). Archaeologists have discovered that some statues continue below the ground from the torso down, despite the fact that the monumental stone heads are well known.
The Moai statues were erected to pay tribute to significant ancestors who were thought to be descended directly from the gods.
Plymouth Rock, USA
Plymouth Rock, a landmark on the Massachusetts coast, marks the spot where William Bradford and his fellow Pilgrims first set foot on American soil in 1620. The rock, which was guarded by a solemn granite canopy, symbolised a critical period in American history. It’s still shrouded in mystery, though.
Stonehenge is a famous megalithic site that can be found in Salisbury, England. For centuries, archaeologists have studied the building, but they are still uncertain as to who, how, and why it was erected.
Blarney Stone, Ireland
The Blarney Stone is a piece of Carboniferous limestone, and according to legend, kissing it will grant you the “gift of the gab,” which is a propensity for great eloquence or flattery. The site is near Cork and is carved into Blarney Castle’s exterior. In a tower of the castle, the stone was erected in 1446.